Characterized by an extreme fear of being judged or scorned in a social situation, Social Anxiety Disorder, also known as Social Phobia is one of the more common manifestations of anxiety disorder. This constant worry and fear of being judged causes great disruption the ability to perform and function normally. In people suffering from social phobia, the symptoms are usually quite visible as they are prone to blushing, stuttering, and appearing scared or anxious. People suffering from this disorder do everything they can to avoid social settings.
There are several adverse effects of this disorder; victims may refuse to go to school, take jobs, go out of the house or perform in any activity that involves meeting and interacting with other people. This disorder can cause victims to develop drinking problems; it can also hinder victims from initiating or maintaining friendship or relationships.
Social Phobia Treatment
The form of treatment that will be employed in treating social phobia depends on the extent to which the disorder affects day to day function and performance. The most common forms of treatment for social phobia are psychotherapy and medication. In some cases however, depending on the severity of the condition, there may be need to combine the two methods.
The aim of therapy in treating social phobia is to help the victim recognize, process, and change negative the negative thoughts they have about themselves. It also helps them to develop self confidence that will help them whenever they find themselves in social conditions.
The most efficient type of psychotherapy in treating social phobia is the cognitive behavioral therapy; it can be carried out either in groups or individually. It usually involves helping a victim confront situations and emotions that they fear the most, role-playing to help develop the confidence needed to face these situations, and skill training to help defeat negative emotions and worry.
The very first types of medications that are usually used in treating social anxiety disorder are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). The type of medication depends on the doctor will however, depend on the doctor; self medication is very dangerous in these cases. Low doses are usually prescribed at first, and then worked up to full doses. Medication doesn’t guarantee immediate freedom from the condition; it works gradually.
Depending on the peculiarity of the disorder, a doctor may also need to prescribe other medications to treat other symptoms of social phobia.
Some of the other medications that can be prescribed are:
Benzodiazepines may be used to reduce anxiety level. These drugs will shoe immediate result, however, they have can be sedating and addictive.
According to whatever a doctor says, a person suffering form social phobia may have to try out different antidepressants to decide on the one which is most suitable with less side effects.
They work to block the effect of adrenaline in the body system. They are not really suitable for treating social phobia in general, but they are effective for controlling anxiety symptoms for particular situations like a speech presentation, or a musical performance.