Any form of sexual violence can be categorized as sexual abuse. Sexual abuse is defined as any unwanted sexual action carried out forcefully by an offender on a victim; this forceful action is usually accompanied by threats. Sexual abuse can be experienced in different forms; rape, unwanted touching or molestation. It has been discovered over time that in most cases of sexual abuse, the perpetrator and the victim know each other. If sexual abuse is not treated properly, over time, the victim may begin to experience, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Anxiety, Fear and many emotional turmoil that relates to trauma.
How to Treat Sexual Abuse
The very first step to take immediately is to get the victim to a hospital. If you the victim gets to a hospital in time, he or she can be given medication that will prevent any form of Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI). Treating sexual abuse is a very delicate process and the methods employed vary a lot- depending on the victim. Instant treatment can help a sexual abuse victim recover on time, while continuous therapy will help the victim in dealing with symptoms as time goes on. The way a sexual abuse is responded to by close family, friends or even doctors will determine how quick and easy the treatment will be.
Types of sexual abuse treatment include:
- Somatic Experiencing
- Eye Movement and Desensitization
- Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This method of trauma treatment is aimed at releasing negative energy stored in the body; it helps the victim to gradually develop acceptance of some sorts for unpleasant emotions in the body. This method doesn’t train the victim to forget about the bad experience, however, it is aimed at helping the victim to resolve the systems that cause anxiety, depression and all other emotion that are typical to trauma experience.
Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a developed and efficient method of trauma treatment which is aimed at helping the victim to change either a way of feeling, a way of acting or reacting or a way of thinking. Cognitive Behavioral Therapists aim to change the views and beliefs a victim has developed as a result of sexual abuse. For example, a woman who has experienced sexual abuse may continuously shy away from relationships because she believes that she is going to get hurt, it is the duty of the therapist to change this form of thinking.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
This method is relatively new and it involves using eye movements to recondition the brain and the way it processes distressing experiences. Only a therapist with a certification in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing can carry out this treatment. In simpler terms, this treatment aims at helping the brain to evaluate the sexual abuse experience, after which it confronts the trauma, and then reconditions the way the brain reacts to the event.
It is very important that a sexual abuse victim should never be judged. Therapists are trained to handle victims with patience; it is only fair that friends, family and colleagues of sexual abuse victim should provide them with nothing but support.